Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)|
|Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)||
6. Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
Series A 8% Senior Convertible Preferred Stock
On April 18, 2019, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 18, 2019, with Lisa Walsh (the “Preferred SPA”), pursuant to which we issued 250,000 shares of our Series A 8% Senior Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), which shares have a stated value of $4.00, grant holders the same voting rights as holders of our shares of common stock, and are convertible into shares of our common stock at price of $80.00 per share, subject to a floor price of $30.00 and to adjustment under our Certificate of Designations of the Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Series A Preferred Stock, in consideration for $1,000,000 (the “Initial Tranche”). The Series A Preferred Stock may be issued in tranches of at least $500,000 and in an aggregate of up to $5 million. In connection with the Initial Tranche, the Company also issued to Ms. Walsh a warrant to purchase 12,756 shares of our common stock.
The Series A Preferred Stock contains an embedded conversion feature that the Company has determined is a derivative requiring bifurcation. The fair value of the derivative liability at the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock was $216,000, which was recorded as a derivative liability with the offset recorded as a discount to the Series A Preferred Stock. (See Note 5 – Fair Value Measurements for the fair value computation.).
The authorized, issued and outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock and liquidation preferences as of March 31, 2020, were as follows:
The Series A Preferred Stock rights, privileges and preferences are as follows:
Dividends — The holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive cumulative dividends at the rate per share of 8% per annum, payable on conversion. The form of the dividend payment on the Series A Preferred Stock will be determined based on the legal availability of funds for the payment and the satisfaction of the Equity Conditions (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) for the 5 consecutive trading days immediately prior to the payment date. The form of the payment, depending on the priority, may be made in cash or shares of common stock at the Company’s option. If funds are not available and the Equity Conditions have not been met, the dividends will accrue to the next payment date or accrete to the stated value. The Company accrued dividends of $20,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
Liquidation Rights — In the event of any liquidation, dissolution, or winding-up of the Company, each holder of Series A Preferred Stock is entitled to receive an amount equal to the stated value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends and any other fees or liquidated damages before any distribution will be made to holders of junior securities. If assets are insufficient for such payment, then the entire assets will be distributed only to the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock. A fundamental or change of control transaction is not deemed a liquidation.
Conversion — Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holder into the number of shares of common stock (subject to adjustment for certain events, including dilutive issuances, stock splits, and reclassifications) determined by multiplying such number by the ratio of the stated value by a conversion price, which price is originally equal to $80.00 (the “Fixed Conversion Price”). However, if the closing price of the common stock is less than the Fixed Conversion Price, then the Fixed Conversion Price may be reduced to equal 95% of the lowest volume weighted average price of the common stock for the previous 10 trading days, which price shall not be less than $30.00. Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless the Company obtains stockholder approval pursuant to the rules and regulations of The NASDAQ Capital Market, the Company cannot issue shares of common stock upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock in the event that such issuance exceeds 19.99% of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock as of April 18, 2019 or if such conversion is considered a “change of control” under NASDAQ rules and regulations.
Voting Rights — Each holder has the right to one vote for each share of common stock into which such preferred stock could be converted. So long as any shares of Series A Preferred Stock are outstanding, the Company shall not, without first obtaining the approval of more than 67% of the holders of Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding, voting together as a separate class (a) alter or amend the Certificate of Designations or alter or change adversely the powers, rights or preferences of the Series A Preferred Stock, including amending the Company’s certificate of incorporation or other charter documents in any manner adversely affecting the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock ; (b) authorize or create any class of stock ranking as to dividends, redemption or distribution of assets upon a liquidation senior to, or otherwise pari passu with, the Series A Preferred Stock; (c) increase the total number of authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock; or (d) enter into any agreement with respect to any of the foregoing.
Redemption — The Series A Preferred Stock is not mandatorily redeemable as it does not have a set redemption date or a date after which the shares may be redeemed by the holders. However, if a Triggering Event (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) occurs, then each holder will receive 120% of the aggregate stated value, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends and any other fees or liquidated damages. Additionally, upon such an event, the divided rate of the Series A Preferred Stock increases to 18% per annum. A Triggering Event is defined as any (1) default on credit obligations; (2) default on payment of certain Series A Preferred Stock payments or a default under the Certificate of Designations and any related transaction document entered into in connection with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock; (3) bankruptcy of the Company; (4) ineligibility for listing of the Company’s common stock on a trading market; (5) change of control or fundamental transaction entered into by the Company, or other transaction entered into by the Company where more than 51% of the Company’s assets are sold; (6) failure of the Company to perform certain regulatory reporting; (7) failure to timely deliver certificates representing shares of common stock upon conversion of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock; (8) failure of the Company to maintain a sufficient number of reserved shares pursuant to the Preferred SPA; and (9) judgment is entered or filed against the Company or its subsidiaries in excess of an aggregate of $100,000 or the Company or any of its subsidiaries experiences a loss of property in excess of an aggregate of $100,000. The Company has elected not to adjust the carrying values of the Series A Preferred Stock to the liquidation preferences of such shares because it is uncertain whether or when an event would occur that would obligate the Company to pay the liquidation preferences to holders of shares and at the balance sheet date, these circumstances were not probable. Subsequent adjustments to the carrying values of the liquidation preferences will be made only when it becomes probable that such a liquidation event will occur.
Rights Upon a Subsequent Financing - So long as holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock hold such shares with an aggregate stated value equal to or exceeding $250,000, upon any issuance of shares of our common stock, common stock equivalents (as defined in the Preferred SPA), conventional debt or a combination of such securities and/or debt (a "Subsequent Financing"), unless the proposed terms of a Subsequent Financing shall have first been delivered to such holders in reasonable detail and such holders have first been granted the option to purchase such securities pursuant to such terms, such holders have the right to purchase all, and no less than all, of the securities offered to investors in a Subsequent Financing on the same terms, conditions and price provided for in the Subsequent Financing. In addition, so long as holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock hold such shares with an aggregate stated value equal to or exceeding $500,000, if we effect a Subsequent Financing, such holders have a right to tender shares of Series A Preferred Stock for the securities offered pursuant to a Subsequent Financing.
Subsequent Equity Sales - In the event that we or any of our subsidiaries issue additional shares of common stock and/or common stock equivalents in connection with a financing pursuant to which the effective price per share for such securities is less than the then conversion price of the Series A Preferred Stock, then subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Certificate of Designations, such conversion price will be reduced to such the effective price of such issued securities.
On January 30, 2018, the Company’s board of directors approved the establishment of the Company’s 2018 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (the “LTIP”) and termination of its Carve-Out Plan (the “Plan”). Under the LTIP, the aggregate maximum number of shares of common stock (including shares underlying options) that may be issued under the LTIP pursuant to awards of Restricted Shares or Options will be limited to 15% of the outstanding shares of common stock, which calculation shall be made on the first trading day of each new fiscal year; provided that, in any year no more than 8% of the common stock or derivative securitization with common stock underlying 8% of the common stock may be issued in any fiscal year. Thereafter, the 15% evergreen provision governs the LTIP. For fiscal year 2020, up to 99,619 shares of common stock are available for participants under the LTIP.
In connection with the termination of the Plan, on January 31, 2018, the Company issued to its employees and directors 64,224 and 7,656 shares of restricted common stock (“January 2018 Restricted Stock Grant”), respectively. Such shares of restricted common stock were granted outside the LTIP’s first year share availability pool, are fully vested, and were released to the employees and directors in three tranches at the rate of 33.4%, 33.3% and 33.3% on September 1, 2018, March 1, 2019 and September 1, 2019, respectively. In the event an employee voluntarily resigns, the release dates of the shares will be extended such that only 16.5% of the shares are released every nine months, until 100% are released. In the event that a director voluntarily resigns, each of the release dates will be extended nine months.
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, 353 shares of restricted stock were released with an intrinsic value of approximately $2,000. As of March 31, 2020, there were 705 shares of restricted stock remaining under the January 2018 Restricted Stock Grant to be released to a terminated employee in two equal tranches over the next 11 months.
On January 4, 2019, the Company awarded 20,000 deferred shares to Michael Howse, a member of the Company’s board of directors, in connection with a Deferred Shares Agreement under the LTIP. The shares vest immediately prior to a significant change in ownership, defined as a Fundamental Transaction in the agreement. In light of this performance vesting condition, the Company has not recorded any stock compensation expense for the issuance of these shares during the three ended March 31, 2020.
On September 9, 2019, the Company issued 7,500 shares of restricted common stock to George Oliva, the Company’s new Chief Financial Officer, as an inducement grant. Such shares were issued outside the Company’s LTIP. The Company will record stock compensation expense over the four-year vest period.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 2,000 common shares to employees under the Company’s LTIP. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company did not issue any shares under the Company’s LTIP.
February 2020 Private Placement
On February 28, 2020, the Company completed a private placement (the "February 2020 Private Placement") of 91,062 units (the "Units"), each unit consisting of (i) one (1) share of common stock and (ii) a warrant to purchase 0.50 of a share of common stock (the "February 2020 Warrants"), at a price per Unit of $9.17. The Units were issued pursuant to a Unit Purchase Agreement, dated February 4, 2020, and a subscription agreement, dated February 28, 2020 by and among the Company and the purchasers signatory thereto. The February 2020 Private Placement, which was priced above market, resulted in gross proceeds of $835,000 before fees and other expenses associated with the transaction.
The February 2020 Warrants are exercisable to purchase up to an aggregate of 45,534 shares of common stock commencing on the date of issuance at an exercise price of $9.80 per share, subject to adjustment upon stock splits, reverse stock splits, and similar capital changes. The February 2020 Warrants are exercisable immediately and will expire on the close of business on February 28, 2025. The exercise of the February 2020 Warrants are subject to beneficial ownership limitations such that each holder of such February 2020 Warrant may exercise it to the extent that such exercise would result in such holder being the beneficial owner in excess of 4.99% (or, upon election of such holder, 9.99)%, which beneficial ownership limitation may be increased or decreased up to 9.99% upon notice to the Company, provided that any increase in such limitation will not be effective until 61 days following notice to the Company.
Warrants for Common Shares
The Company has issued warrants to purchase common shares to employees and consultants as compensation for services rendered, as well as in conjunction with the purchase of common shares in equity and debt transactions.
Information regarding warrants for common stock outstanding and exercisable as of March 31, 2020 is as follows:
Warrants exercisable as of March 31, 2020 excludes warrants to purchase 9,864 common shares issued to Alexander Capital L.P., which are fully vested, but are exercisable in the amounts of 6,114 and 3,750 after May 21, 2020 and October 16, 2020, respectively, and 20,400 common shares issued to Maxim Group LLC, which are fully vested, but are exercisable after September 19, 2020. Additionally, warrants to purchase 20,722 common shares which are shown above with a price of $15.80 are Pre-Funded Warrants under which the holder must only pay $0.20 per share to complete the exercise.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef